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 MPIfG Podcasts



Genevieve LeBaron
Combatting Modern Slavery: Why Labor Governance Is Failing and What We Can Do About It


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Over the last decade, the world’s largest corporations – from The Coca Cola Company to Amazon, Apple to Unilever – have taken up the cause of combatting modern slavery. Yet, by most measures, across many sectors and regions, severe labor exploitation continues to soar. Corporate social responsibility is not working. Why? In her talk, Genevieve LeBaron explores why over twenty years of corporate social responsibility initiatives have failed to produce worksites that are free of forced labor, modern slavery, and human trafficking, in spite of this being a key aim. Drawing on ground-level data in tea, cocoa, and garment supply chains – including over 1,200 interviews with vulnerable workers at the base of global supply chains – she explores how dynamics of corporate power, profit, and consolidation, and supply chain dynamics give rise to forced labor. She argues that the booming private industry of accounting firms, social auditors and consultants that have emerged to monitor and enforce labor standards do little to disrupt business models configured around forced labor, and ultimately, while corporate social responsibility serves to bolster corporate growth and legitimacy, it is failing to protect the world's most vulnerable workers.
Genevieve LeBaron is Professor of Politics at the University of Sheffield. Her research focuses on the business dynamics of forced labor, labor standards, corporate governance, and global supply chains. She has recently published a new book about capitalism and slavery, "Combatting Modern Slavery: Why Labour Governance is Failing and What We Can Do About It" (Polity, 2020).


Selected Publications
  • LeBaron, Genevieve. 2020. Combatting Modern Slavery: Why Labour Governance is Failing and What We Can Do About It. Polity.
  • LeBaron, Genevieve, and Ellie Gore. 2020. "Gender and Forced Labour: Understanding the Links in Global Cocoa Supply Chains." Journal of Development Studies 56 (6): 1095–1117.
  • Rioux, Sebastien, Genevieve LeBaron, and Peter Verovsek. 2020. "Capitalism and Unfree Labour: Marxist Perspectives on Contemporary Developments in the Study of Modern Slavery." Review of International Political Economy 27 (3): 709–731.
  • LeBaron, Genevieve, and Luc Fransen. 2019. "Big Audit Firms as Regulatory Intermediaries in Transnational Labor Governance." Regulation and Governance 13 (2): 260–279.
  • LeBaron, Genevieve, and Andreas Rümkorf. 2019. "The Domestic Politics of Corporate Accountability Legislation." Socio-Economic Review 17 (3): 709–743.
  • Crane, Andrew, Genevieve LeBaron, Jean Allain, and Laya Behbahani. 2019. "Governance Gaps in Eradicating Forced Labour: From Global to Domestic Supply Chains." Regulation and Governance 13 (1): 86–106.
  • LeBaron, Genevieve, Jane Lister, and Peter Dauvergne. 2017. "Governing Global Supply Chain Sustainability Through the Ethical Audit Regime." Globalizations 14 (6): 958–975.
Preparatory Reading
  • LeBaron, Genevieve. 2020. Combatting Modern Slavery: Why Labour Governance Is Failing and What We Can Do about It. Cambridge: Polity.


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