Twin Crises: Economies and Environments in the Long 1970s
Conceptions about the proper role of the state, society, and market vis-à-vis each other and the surrounding physical environment fundamentally changed over the course of the "long 1970s." While the meanings, assumptions, and uses of these concepts have been influenced by historical events and trends, they also form the conceptual categories with which events and processes are measured, understood, and analyzed, not to mention the policy designed in response. This project joins economic history with the history of science and economics to ask how analysts, scientists, policy-makers, and citizen activists internationally and in national contexts of Central and Northern Europe framed and defined the two major crises of the 1970s - political-economic and environmental - and how these groups articulated policy responses to these crises in ways that continue to fundamentally shape our societies, economies, and environments into the twenty-first century. How did dividing lines between what was by definition economic, social, and natural change? How did worries about overpopulation, pollution, and limits to growth affect the categories and theories of economics and policy-making? How were solutions to economic and environmental crises intertwined, and did solutions to one imply answers for the other? Project duration: October 2016 to September 2018.