It was not until the nineteenth century that housing in capitalist economies was largely distributed via markets. It was also at that time that the unique aspects of this good led to debates in many countries about the proper way to create and distribute housing. In the twentieth century, these debates began to influence national policy. Should the state offer housing, or the private sector? Should land continue to be private property? Should home ownership be preferred to rental housing, and how should the tenant-landlord relationship be regulated? This dissertation project attempts to reconstruct historically how different normative conceptions led in the USA, France, and Germany to differing answers to these questions. The project relies upon parliamentary debates, press reports, and interest group publications as empirical data. It will use network analytic tools to reconstruct the respective debates. Project duration: October 2010 to December 2013.