In the post-1980 period, most societies have undergone massive socioeconomic transformations involving the liberalization of foreign trade
and investment as well as the widespread commercialization of the economy. These developments did not really lead to the emergence of self-regulating
market economies; we have rather witnessed trends towards a reshaping of the place of politics in society – with important repercussions in the business
environment and in government–business relations. This lecture explores how these global trends are reflected in the current context of business life
in Turkey and discusses the new configuration of interests, alliances and conflicts among business actors as well as changes in the latter’s relation
to political authorities.
Ayşe Buğra is Professor of Political
Economy at the interdisciplinary Graduate Institute for Modern Turkish History at Boğaziçi University in Istanbul and founding director of the university's
Social Policy Forum. Her interdisciplinary research focuses on comparative social policy and political economy of business relations. Her publications in
English include State and Business in Modern Turkey (1994) and the edited volumes State, Market and the Organizational Form (1997) and Reading Karl
Polanyi for the 21st Century (2007). She has translated Karl Polanyi's The Great Transformation into Turkish (Büyük dönüşüm, 2010).
Recommended reading: Class, Culture and State: An Analysis of Interest Representation by Two Business Associations (1998),
International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 30, 521-539.